Building on last week’s lesson, this week we’re going to provide some addition Japanese phrases that are useful for beginning learners of the language. These are common expressions that you will use frequently and in a wide variety of situations. Each phrase is presented in its original Japanese characters, followed by a romaji transliteration in parenthesis. Phrases are grouped by the situation in which they are used.
Remember, if you’re struggling with any other facet of the Japanese language, you can contact the Language Island in Atlanta. Our highly-qualified teachers offer classes that are custom-tailored to your individual needs.
わかります (wakarimasu) – I understand (formal)
わかる (wakaru) – I understand (informal)
わかりません (wakarimasen) – I don’t understand (formal)
わからない (wakaranai) – I don’t understand (informal)
ゆっくり話してください (yukkuri hanashite kudasai) – please speak more slowly
もうひとつ言ってください (mō hitotsu itte kudasai) – please say that again
書いて、頂けますか (kaite itadakemasu ka) – please write that down
は日本語でなんと言いますか (wa nihongo de nanto īmasu ka) – how do you say [word/phrase] in Japanese?
英語はできますか (Eigo wa dekimasu ka) – Do you speak English?
日本語はできますか (Nihongo wa dekimasu ka) – Do you speak Japanese?
はい、出来ます (hai, dekimasu) – yes, I speak a little bit
Please and Thank You
どうも (doumo) – thanks (informal)
ありがとう (arigatou) – thank you (formal)
どうもありがとう (doumo arigatou) – thanks a lot (formal)
ありがとうございます (arigatou gozaimasu) – thank you (polite formal)
どうもありがとうございます(doumo arigatou gozaimasu) – thank you very much (very polite formal)
どういたしまして (dō itashimashite) – you’re welcome
ください (kudasai) – please
ごめんなさい (gomen nasai) – sorry
すみません (sumimasen) – excuse me
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